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Smooth Surface Preheat Blocks

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L-TEC Steel Industry Products is a pioneer and world leader in the Scarfing Machines, and the scarfing process. Determined to keep an edge on the growing demands of the steel industry, in both production volume, and quality, L-TEC is continuously making advances in research and development. The Smooth Surface Preheat Block (patent no. 6.174.491) is one of the newest advances in scarfing development.

Scarfing oxygen exiting from the slot formed by the upper and lower preheat blocks must be uniform across its width and shielded against the aspiration of air into the stream to provide an efficient, uniform, and smooth metal removal. The fuel gas, which exits from the upper and lower preheat blocks, performs this shielding function. The lower preheat block (LPB) fuel gas is the most critical to surface quality since it is the last gas to pass over the molten surface of the steel as scarfing progresses. Any discontinuities in the fuel gas stream from the LPB will cause a disruption in the oxygen stream, which in turn will cause ridges or irregularities on the scarfed surface.

In the standard LPB design, fuel gas exits from the end of the block. The gas from each port is immediately drawn against the oxygen stream exiting the slot, providing the shield that prevents the aspiration of air into the reaction. For a continuous uninterrupted gas shield it is critical that each port remains open throughout the scarfing cycle. If ports become plugged by slag there is a disruption in the shield gas, and therefore in the oxygen stream, which in turn will produce irregularities on the surface of the steel. In the Smooth Surface Lower Preheat Block (SS-LPB) design, the physical end of the block is actually some distance beyond the exit point of the fuel gas ports. This extended baffle creates a "chamber" between it and the slot oxygen stream. As fuel gas is drawn from this chamber towards the steel surface, the oxygen compresses it against the end of the baffle. The result is a gas shield uniformly distributed across the width of the block. This design minimizes the effect of plugged gas ports on the surface quality, because uniform distribution of the gas is less dependent on flow from individual ports.  

  • Very smooth surface finish
  • Allows adjacent fuel gas ports, in the preheat block to be plugged without detrimental effect on the scarfed surface.  Should not postpone regular cleaning of scarfing units  (generally performed after every shift).
  • Smooth Surface Preheat Block can be retrofitted to fit any existing scarfing unit.  If purchased as a retrofit, it is advisable that all of the lower blocks are exchanged en masse, otherwise a mixed steel surface smoothness will result.
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Scarfed With Standard Lower Pre-Heat Block
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Smooth Surface Of Steel After L-TEC Scarfing
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Patented Smooth Surface Scarfing Unit
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Scarfed With Smooth Surface Lower Pre-Heat Block